- Sports Gambling in the United States
- Federal Laws Relating to Sports Gambling
- State Laws Relating to Sports Gambling
- The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act
- The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act
- Sports Gambling in Nevada
- Sports Gambling in New Jersey
- Sports Gambling in Delaware
- Sports Gambling in Pennsylvania
As the debate over legal sports gambling continues across the United States, many people are wondering what states is sports gambling currently legal in. Here is a breakdown of the current status of sports gambling in each state.
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In the United States, gambling is regulated by the federal government and individual state governments. Sports betting is legal in some states and illegal in others. There are also some states where sports betting is not explicitly legal, but it is not specifically illegal either.
The following list includes all US states where sports gambling is legal. This includes online and offline sports betting, as well as betting on horse racing.
Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming
Sports Gambling in the United States
In the United States, sports gambling is only legal in Nevada, Oregon, Deleware and Montana. There has been a recent push to make it legal across the entire United States, with individual states being able to make their own laws surrounding the issue.
The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act of 1992 made it illegal for any state to authorize sports gambling. This Act was challenged in the case of Murphy v. NCAA, which was brought by the state of New Jersey. In May of 2018, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of New Jersey, stating that the PASPA was unconstitutional. This effectively allowed states to make their own laws regarding sports gambling.
Currently, there are many bills making their way through state legislatures that would legalize sports gambling. It is expected that within the next few years, many more states will have legalized sports gambling.
Federal Laws Relating to Sports Gambling
In 1992, the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was passed, prohibiting state-sponsored sports gambling with a few exceptions. The law did not make sports gambling illegal, but it did make it illegal for states to sponsor or operate sports gambling schemes. The law was challenged in court and, in 2018, the US Supreme Court struck down PASPA as unconstitutional. This decision effectively made sports gambling legal at the federal level, although individual states are still able to set their own laws on the matter.
At present, there are only four states where sports gambling is fully legal and operational: Nevada, Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. There are a number of other states where laws have been passed legalizing sports gambling, but these laws have not yet gone into effect. These states include Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Montana and Tennessee.
State Laws Relating to Sports Gambling
The United States has a long history of regulating gambling, dating back to the early 1900s. Today, however, the landscape of gambling regulation is very different. Federal law prohibits sports betting in all but four states, and many states have laws that criminalize some forms of gambling.
This can make it confusing to know what types of gambling are legal in which states. In general, though, most forms of gambling are legal in some form or another in most states. Here is a brief overview of the laws relating to gambling in each state:
Alabama: Alabama prohibits most forms of gambling, with the exception of bingo and a limited number of charitable raffles and door-prize drawings.
Alaska: Alaska has no state laws prohibiting gambling, and therefore all forms of gambling are legal in the state. This includes casino games, sports betting, and lottery games.
Arizona: Arizona prohibits most forms of gambling, with the exception of Native American casinos, horse racing, and a limited number of charitable raffles and door-prize drawings.
Arkansas: Arkansas prohibits most forms of gambling, with the exception of horse racing and a limited number of charitable raffles and door-prize drawings.
The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act
In 1992, the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was passed, making it illegal for states to offer sports gambling. However, in 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that PASPA was unconstitutional, effectively giving states the power to decide whether or not to offer sports gambling.
Currently, Delaware, Mississippi, Nevada, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island have all passed legislation allowing sports gambling within their state borders.
West Virginia and Oregon have also passed legislation, but they have not yet begun offering sports gambling. Many other states are currently considering whether or not to pass legislation legalizing sports gambling.
The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act
In 2006, the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act was passed as a part of the SAFE Port Act. The UIGEA’s stated objective is to make it more difficult for gambling sites to accept payments from US citizens. The law has had mixed results, and many question its effectiveness.
The law does not specifically make online gambling illegal, but it does make it illegal for gambling sites to accept payments from US citizens. This has made it difficult for US players to find online casinos that accept their business. Many players have turned to offshore casinos, which are not subject to US laws.
The states of Delaware, Nevada, and New Jersey have all passed laws that legalize and regulate online gambling within their borders. These states have also set up systems to collect taxes on gambling proceeds. In addition, the state of Pennsylvania is in the process of passing legislation that would do the same.
Sports Gambling in Nevada
Sports gambling is currently legal in the state of Nevada. In addition, sports betting is also legal in Oregon, Delaware, and Montana. These states have all passed laws that allow for some form of sports gambling.
Sports Gambling in New Jersey
In May 2018, the Supreme Court of the United States overturned a federal ban on sports gambling, clearing the way for individual states to legalize and regulate sports betting. Prior to the 2018 ruling, Nevada was the only state where sports gambling was legal.
Since the ruling, several states have moved quickly to pass legislation and launch sports betting operations. New Jersey was one of the first states out of the gate, with lawmakers passing a bill to legalize sports gambling in June 2018. The state’s first sportsbook opened for business in July 2018 at Monmouth Park Racetrack in Oceanport.
As of October 2019, there are nine states with legal sports betting:
Sports Gambling in Delaware
Delaware is one of a few states where sports gambling is legal. In Delaware, sports gambling is regulated by the state lottery. The state lottery offers parlay betting on NFL games, as well as single-game betting on NFL, NBA, NHL, and Major League Baseball games. You must be at least 21 years old to bet on sports in Delaware.
Sports Gambling in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania is one of a few states that have recently legalized sports gambling. The state has a long history of gambling, dating back to the 1600s. Pennsylvania’s first casino opened in the early 1990s, and the state now has nine casinos. Sports betting was not legally allowed in Pennsylvania until 2017.
The process of legalizing sports gambling in Pennsylvania started in October 2017, when the state passed a bill to allow it. The bill was approved by Governor Tom Wolf and took effect in January 2018. The bill allows for both online and offline sports betting. There are currently several online sportsbooks operating in Pennsylvania, and more are expected to launch in the future.