The term “Damn Yankees” is used to describe a fan of the New York Yankees baseball team. The term is most likely used by fans of other teams, but there are some Yankees fans who use the term to describe themselves.
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The American Revolution
The American Revolution was a time when the Colonists fought against the British for their independence. The British had been taxing the Colonists heavily and the Colonists felt that they were not being represented fairly. The British also had a lot of control over the Colonists and they wanted more freedom. The Colonists rebelled and eventually won their independence.
The Boston Tea Party
In late 1773, tensions between American colonists and the British Parliament reached a boiling point. On December 16, a group of Massachusetts colonists staged a protest against the British government’s tax on tea by dumping crates of tea into Boston Harbor. This act of defiance, later known as the Boston Tea Party, helped spark the American Revolution.
The Boston Tea Party was a response to the Tea Act, a law passed by Parliament in 1773 that gave the British East India Company a monopoly on the tea trade in the colonies. American colonists argued that the law was an infringement on their rights as English citizens. In protest, they organized boycotts of British tea and dumped tea into harbors in Boston and other cities.
The Boston Tea Party was not an isolated event; it was one of many protests against British taxes and policies in the years leading up to the Revolution. However, it was a significant step in the colonies’ movement toward independence. In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed a series of punitive laws known as the Intolerable Acts, which further increased tensions between Britain and its American colonies.
The Declaration of Independence
In 1776, Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence, an iconic document that forever changed the course of American history. The Declaration was a direct response to the increasing tyranny of British rule in the colonies and served as a rallying cry for Revolution. It proclaimed that all men are created equal and that they have certain inalienable rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. With these words, Jefferson and the other Founders set forth a powerful ideal that would shape the nation for centuries to come.
The Civil War
The Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863) was the largest battle of the American Civil War as well as the largest battle ever fought in North America. With more than 51,000 casualties, it is also one of the deadliest. The Union army turned back a Confederate invasion of the North, dealing a crushing blow to the Confederate army’s chances for victory.
The Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. It proclaimed the freedom of all slaves in the ten states that were in rebellion against the Union. It did not apply to the Border States or any Union-controlled areas, but it was a powerful symbol of hope for enslaved people everywhere.
The proclamation was issued in the midst of the Civil War, and it did not immediately free any slaves. Lincoln argued that it was a necessary step to win the war and preserve the Union. He also hoped that it would help persuade European nations to stop supporting the Confederacy. In the end, though, it was the Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg that finally turned the tide of public opinion in favor of emancipation.
After the war, many white Americans saw emancipation as a failure. They felt that it had been forced upon them by a vengeful government, and they resented the fact that they were now required to share their country with millions of former slaves. For African Americans, however, emancipation was a dream come true. At last they were free to make their own way in the world.
World War I
The Damn Yankees were a nickname given to the Northeastern United States Division of the United States Army during World War I. The Division was made up of soldiers from New York, Boston, and other Northeastern states.
The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand—which had ignited World War I.
Under the treaty, Germany lost some 13 percent of its territory—which included Alsace-Lorraine (returned to France), Memel (annexed by Lithuania), West Prussia, Posen, and parts of Upper Silesia (annexed by Poland). The treaty also disarmament provisions and allowed for war crimes trials. In total, Germany lost about 7 million people under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
World War II
The Damn Yankees were a nickname given to a group of soldiers from the United States who served in the Allied forces during World War II. The group was made up of members from all branches of the military, including the Army, Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard.
The Attack on Pearl Harbor
The United States had been slowly drawn into World War II by a series of events in Europe and Asia. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had been sending American destroyers to Great Britain since March 1941 to protect them from German U-boats, and he had also been supplying the Soviet Union with military supplies through a program called Lend-Lease.
In September 1940, the United States and Great Britain signed the Destroyers for Bases Agreement, which gave the United States 99-year leases on naval bases in British territories in exchange for 50 old American destroyers. The agreement was an important step in formalizing American support for Great Britain, and it also increased tensions with Germany, who saw it as an act of aggression.
On June 22, 1941, Hitler finally broke his non-aggression pact with Stalin and invaded the Soviet Union. Roosevelt responded by declaring that the United States would be “the Arsenal of Democracy” and began sending even more military supplies to the USSR.
Tensions continued to mount in East Asia as well, where Japan was engaged in a brutal war with China. In July 1941, Roosevelt froze Japanese assets in the United States and cut off all oil exports to Japan in an attempt to force them to end their war with China.
These actions enraged Japanese leaders, who felt that they had no choice but to attack the United States if they wanted to continue their expansion into Asia. On November 26, 1941, they presented the United States with a list of demands that were designed to be impossible to meet. When negotiations broke down, Japan began making preparations for an attack on Pearl Harbor.
The D-Day Invasion
The D-Day invasion was the largest amphibious assault in history and was a turning point in World War II. More than 156,000 Allied troops landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944. The massive invasion force included troops from Britain, Canada, and the United States. The Allies suffered heavy casualties on D-Day, but they eventually broke through Nazi Germany’s defenses and began to drive the German army back across Europe.
The Cold War
The Cold War was a time of great tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two superpowers were in a race to build up their military might, and each side was trying to undermine the other. The Cold War also led to the development of new technologies, like the atomic bomb.
The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical barrier erected by the German Democratic Republic, starting on 13 August 1961, that completely encircled West Berlin. The wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin. It stood as a symbol of the Iron Curtain that separated Western Europe and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.